Combating Violence and Human Trafficking (HT)
Many types of violence, including human trafficking, are more prevalent in the U.S. and throughout the world than many realize. Health care providers are often on the front lines - responsible for assessing at-risk patients, ensuring their safety, and referring them for services as needed. CommonSpirit Health offers various resources to help providers understand issues of violence and human trafficking and how to assist at-risk patients.
CommonSpirit Violence and HT Prevention and Response (VHTPR) Program
The CommonSpirit VHTPR Program is a new model for health care systems to comprehensively address multiple issues of violence, including human trafficking. Together, trauma-informed prevention and intervention strategies can reduce violence. The following resources and tools were developed by CommonSpirit and its VHTPR Program.
CommonSpirit VHTPR Program Educational Modules
Providers are encouraged to engage in the following educational opportunities to learn more about violence, including human trafficking, and trauma-informed approaches to patient care and services. CommonSpirit currently has three educational modules available online. Additional modules such as “Human Trafficking and Health Care Scenarios” are available for live education. Please contact Holly Gibbs, VHTPR Program Director, Patient Care Services, for details at firstname.lastname@example.org
Human Trafficking 101: Dispelling the Myths
This course was developed in partnership with HEAL Trafficking, a united group of multidisciplinary professionals dedicated to ending human trafficking and supporting its survivors from a public health perspective. It covers basic information about human trafficking, including potential red flags in health care settings. Following this course, providers should be able to define human trafficking, recognize misconceptions often associated with this type of violence, identify vulnerable populations and high-risk industries, and take action to prevent trafficking and respond to victims appropriately. It includes a quiz you must pass in order to print results for completing the course.
Trauma-Informed Patient Care and Services
This course was developed in partnership with physicians and other health professionals in various fields, as well as survivors of abuse, neglect, and violence. It introduces the topic of trauma and the importance of a trauma-informed approach in health care settings. Following this course, providers should be able to describe the prevalence and widespread impact of trauma, recognize signs and symptoms of traumatic stress, including secondary traumatic stress, and respond in meaningful ways. It includes a quiz you must pass in order to print results for completing the course.
PEARR: Five Steps to Victim Assistance in Health Care Settings
The PEARR steps were developed in partnership with physicians and other health professionals from HEAL Trafficking and Pacific Survivor Center, an organization committed to advancing health and human rights in the Hawai’i-Pacific region. PEARR represents five key steps for providing victim assistance to patients in a trauma-informed manner: Provide privacy, Educate, Ask, Respect and Respond. Following this course, providers should be able to educate patients about abuse, neglect and violence, assist patients with referrals to private and public community agencies, and access resources and tools (e.g., agency brochures and safety cards) that can assist with this process. It includes a quiz you must pass in order to print results for completing the course.
CommonSpirit Abuse, Neglect, and Violence Policy
The CommonSpirit Abuse, Neglect, and Violence policy/procedure guides physicians and staff on what to do if they believe a patient may be at-risk of experiencing any type of violence, including human trafficking. This policy/procedure will apply to both acute and non-acute patient care settings.
Abuse, Neglect, and Violence – Reference Guide
The CommonSpirit Abuse, Neglect, and Violence policy/procedure directs physicians and staff to observe patients for risk factors and indicators of any type of abuse, neglect, or violence, including human trafficking. This reference guide provides a comprehensive overview of definitions, risk factors, verbal/nonverbal indicators, and resources for additional information.
CommonSpirit PEARR Tool
The PEARR steps are a critical component of the CommonSpirit Abuse, Neglect, and Violence policy/procedure. This three-page handout called the “PEARR Tool” includes a summary of the PEARR steps, an abbreviated overview of risk factors and indicators for various types of abuse, neglect, and violence, including human trafficking, and a section to insert information about public and private community agencies.
Brochures and Safety Cards for National Agencies
PEARR is based on a universal education approach – as opposed to a question-based screening approach – to identify and assist patients who may be experiencing abuse, neglect, or violence. Use of brochures and safety cards are encouraged when implementing a universal education approach. Brochures and safety cards – from local and national victim agencies – can assist with sensitive conversations about abuse, neglect, and violence. Click below to access materials from national victim agencies.
Posters and Other Resources
AHA – Human Trafficking 10 Red Flags
This American Hospital Association (AHA) resource, adapted from materials developed by Catholic Health Initiatives (CHI), describes 10 potential red flags of human trafficking in the health care setting.
CommonSpirit Human Trafficking Victim Outreach Posters
CommonSpirit partnered with the National Survivor Network (NSN), a national network of labor and sex trafficking survivors, to develop HT victim outreach posters for health care settings. The posters are available in different sizes and in various languages with Dignity Health or CHI branding. This project was supported by the San Francisco-based creative agency Eleven.